Pears

(Pyrus communis)

Pears are closely related to apples,and their cultivation and maintenance techniques are very similar. However, they are less tolerant of cold winds, and benefit from higher sunshine levels. If you are planting an orchard of apples and pears - it is advisable to plant the apple trees to the North and East, to give shelter to the pears that you will plant in the south and the west part of your orchard. It is thought that pears originated in the Caucasus from where they spread to Europe and Asia and that they were first cultivated more than 4,000 years ago. Both the ancient Greeks and Romans valued the fruit for its flavour and medicinal properties. They also attributed aphrodisiac properties to pears and the fruit was consecrated to Aphrodite and Venus, the goddesses of love.

It is probable that pears were cultivated in Britain during the Roman occupation but the production of the fruit was slow to develop although there is mention in the Domesday Book of old pear trees as boundary markers. By the 13th century many varieties of pears had been imported from France and the fruit was used mainly for cooking rather than eating raw. This was in the time before potatoes were known in Britain! Warden pears appear in the city of Worcester's coat of arms, for tradition has it that during the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Worcester in 1575 she saw a pear tree laden with black pears, which had been moved from the gardens at White Ladies and re-planted in her honour by the gate through which the queen was to enter the city. Noticing the tree Elizabeth is said to have directed the city to add three pears to its coat of arms.

(despatched between November 2017 and March 2018 )

Back to Main Open Ground Fruit index. (45 varieties)    Page 1 2 3 Next Previous    Show all

Pear - Glou Morceau

Pear - Glou Morceau

Pyrus communis 'Glou Morceau'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination Group: D - self sterile
  • Pick: October
  • Use: December - January

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no image available

Pear - Green Horse

Pyrus communis 'Green Horse'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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no image available

Pear - Hellen's Early

Pyrus communis 'Hellen's Early'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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no image available

Pear - Hendre Huffcap

Pyrus communis 'Hendre Huffcap'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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Pear - Hessle

Pear - Hessle

Pyrus communis 'Hessle'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination Group: C - self sterile
  • Pick: October
  • Use: October

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no image available

Pear - Jargonelle

Pyrus communis 'Jargonelle'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination Group: C - self sterile (Triploid)
  • Pick: August
  • Use: August

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no image available

Pear - Judge Amphlett

Pyrus communis 'Judge Amphlett'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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Pear - Louis Bonne of Jersey

Pear - Louis Bonne of Jersey

Pyrus communis 'Louis Bonne of Jersey'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination Group: B - self sterile
  • Pick: September
  • Use: October

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no image available

Pear - Moorcroft

Pyrus communis 'Moorcroft'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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no image available

Pear - Oldfield

Pyrus communis 'Oldfield'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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Pear - Onward

Pear - Onward

Pyrus communis 'Onward'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination Group: D - self sterile
  • Pick: September
  • Use: September

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Pear - Packham's Triumph

Pear - Packham's Triumph

Pyrus communis 'Packham's Triumph'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination Group: B - partially self fertile
  • Pick: October
  • Use: November - December

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Pear - Pitmaston Duchess

Pear - Pitmaston Duchess

Pyrus communis 'Pitmaston Duchess'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination: Self sterile (Triploid)
  • Pick: September
  • Use: October

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no image available

Pear - Red Pear

Pyrus communis 'Red Pear'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Perry

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Pear - Red Williams

Pyrus communis 'Red Williams'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert

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no image available

Pear - Saint Remy

Pyrus communis 'Saint Remy'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Culinary
  • Pollination: Self sterile
  • Pick: October
  • Use: October - March

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no image available

Pear - Triomphe de Vienne

Pyrus communis 'Triomphe de Vienne'

availability prices and sizes
  • Type: Dessert
  • Pollination: Self sterile
  • Pick: Mid August
  • Use: Mid August - Mid September

more>

Back to Main Open Ground Fruit index. (45 varieties)    Page 1 2 3 Next Previous    Show all

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