Cobs and Filberts

(Corylus avellana and Corylus maxima)

Cobs and Filberts are members of the hazelnut (or Corylus) family, and the sweet nuts have been in cultivation for centuries, making a tasty addition to any orchard or large garden. Nut trees will tolerate most soil types but prefer light, sandy, well-drained soils. Fertile soils can lead to excessive growth, with poorer crop levels. Cobnuts and filberts are 'monoecious', having separate male (catkins) and female flowers on the same tree. They are wind pollinated and crop more reliably when grown in groups. The fruit that appears on the Cob is quite rounded, whereas filbert nuts are more elongated.

In 1995, evidence of large-scale Mesolithic nut processing, some 9,000 years old, was found in a midden pit on the island of Colonsay in Scotland. The evidence consists of a large, shallow pit full of the remains of hundreds of thousands of burned hazelnut shells. The nuts were radiocarbon dated to circa 7000 BC.

(despatched between November 2021 and March 2022)

Back to Main Open Ground Fruit index. (11 varieties)

Back to Main Open Ground Fruit index. (11 varieties)

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